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Building and Construction — FAQs
What type of industry is steel?
steel industry, the business of processing iron ore into steel, which in its simplest form is an iron-carbon alloy, and in some cases, turning that metal into partially finished products or recycling scrap metal into steel. The steel industry grew out of the need for stronger and more easily produced metals.
Where is the biggest steel industry?
The biggest steel producing country is currently China, which accounted for 57% of world steel production in 2020. In 2020, China became the first country to produce over one billion tons of steel. In 2008, 2009, 2015 and 2016 output fell in the majority of steel-producing countries as a result of the global recession.
How does a steel industry work?
The ore is reduced in the blast furnace to obtain hot metal containing some 4% carbon and smaller quantities of other alloying elements. Next the hot metal is converted to steel in the basic oxygen furnace (BOF). Then, it is continuously cast to obtain semi-finished products, such as blooms, bars or slabs.